Report of the Special Envoy of the ASEAN Chair on Myanmar to the 40th and 41st ASEAN Summits

1. On 01 February 2021, the Myanmar’s miliary launched a coup against the civilian government, arresting Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and U Win Myint, along with other senior leaders of the ruling National League for Democracy, and declaring the results of the November 2020 general election invalid. What started as violence between the Tatmadaw and demonstrators quickly turned into brutal fightings in many parts of the country between the State Administration Council (SAC) and armed groups such as the Ethnic Armed Organizations (EAOs) and the National Unity Government (NUG) and its armed wing the People’s Defence Force (PDF).
2. Cognizant of the far-reaching implications of Myanmar’s crisis on its own people and the region as a whole, ASEAN Leaders met on 24 April 2021 in Jakarta to discuss about the situation in Myanmar, and reached the Five-Point Consensus (5PC). To ensure full and effective implementation of the 5PC, Samdech Prime Minister went to Nay Pyi Taw on 7 January 2021 to meet with Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, and soon afterward, had two videoconferences to follow up on the outcomes of the visit. Moreover, he extensively consulted with his ASEAN colleagues and other world leaders, and also received calls and briefings from the international organizations including the United Nations Secretary General Special Envoy (UNSG SE).

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